Friday, July 22, 2016

Three Questions about the African Union Mission in South Sudan

The Atlantic Council published on 19 July 2016 a commentary titled "Three Questions about the African Union Mission in South Sudan" by Kelsey Lilley, Atlantic Council.

The author asks how many troops will deploy and how quickly, what is the mandate of the force, and who will pay for it?

Thursday, July 21, 2016

World's Largest Refugee Camp in Kenya Trying to Shut Down

Foreign Policy published on 21 July 2016 an article titled "The World's Largest Refugee Camp Is Invited to Please Shut Down" by Ty McCormick. The Kenyan government says it will clear its country of Somali refugees before the end of this year. But it's not saying how.

The African Union and a Force Intervention Brigade for South Sudan

The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) published on 20 July 2016 a commentary titled "The AU's Silver Bullet to End Fighting in South Sudan?" by Peter Fabricius, ISS consultant.

The African Union has proposed that it add a robust African intervention brigade to UNMISS in South Sudan to deal with the recent conflict between the forces of Salva Kiir and Riek Machar. Kiir opposes the idea while Machar favors it.

Russia-Africa Business Ties

Pambazuka News published on 21 July 2016 an article titled "Yekaterinburg Forum: One Step Aims at Bolstering Russia-African Business" by Kester Kenn Klomegah, an independent researcher.

The author reports that Russian companies are interested in projects focusing on mineral extraction, the energy sector, construction of large manufacturing facilities, human resources training, healthcare development, agriculture and food security, cooperation in digital technology and communications.

Constitutional Insecurity and the Crisis in South Sudan

The Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) published on 21 July 2016 a commentary titled "Unstable Foundations--Constitutional Insecurity and the Crisis in South Sudan" by Hilary Matfess, research associate at IDA.

The author suggests there is a high prospect for wider violence.

China Silent as Zimbabwe's Mugabe Struggles

The Institute for Security Studies published on 21 July 2016 a commentary titled "Think Again: As Mugabe Fights for His Political Future, Why Is China So Silent?" by Simon Allison. The author suggests that Mugabe needs help from his friends, preferably a timely cash injection, but none has been forthcoming from China.

Monday, July 18, 2016

Western Africa's Missing Fish

London-based Overseas Development Institute published in June 2016 a report titled "Western Africa's Missing Fish: The Impacts of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing and Under-Reporting Catches by Foreign Fleets" by Alfonso Daniels, Miren Gutierrez, Gonzalo Fanjul, Arantxa Guerena, Ishbel Matheson, and Kevin Watkins.

The report concludes that overfishing in the world's oceans has reached catastrophic levels. Many major fish stocks are in decline. Some species are being pushed towards extinction. Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing is heavily implicated in overfishing. As much as one fifth of the world's fisheries catch may originate from IUU activity. Western Africa is at the epicenter of the tragedy. About 84 percent of the fish exported from western Africa leave the region in large refrigerated containers. China has the world's largest refrigerated fleet followed by Japan, Spain, South Korea, Russia, and Taiwan. The catches of the Chinese distant-water fleets are almost completely undocumented and unreported.

Bloomberg published on 18 July 2016 a short article titled "Cameroon Impounds Chinese-manned Vessel for Illegal Fishing" by Divine Ntaryike Jr. The article underscores the nature of the problem.

China Reacts to Death of Two Peacekeepers in South Sudan

Quartz Africa published on 11 July 2016 a commentary titled "China Reacts to the Death of Two Peacekeepers in South Sudan with Grief and Rage" by Lily Kuo and Echo Huang Yinyin. The commentary reports online reaction in China to the deaths of the peacekeepers.

Saturday, July 16, 2016

Ending Violence in South Sudan

Chatham House published on 15 July 2016 suggestions for ending the violence in South Sudan titled "South Sudan's Peace Deal Hangs in the Balance" by Dame Rosalind Marsden. Among other steps, Dame Marsden calls for a comprehensive arms embargo.

Friday, July 15, 2016

South Sudan: Ethnic Violence

Foreign Policy published on 14 July 2016 a report titled "They Will Find Us and Kill Us" by Siobhan O'Grady. Based on a recent visit to South Sudan, the account reports on the ethnic violence that continues to plague the country.

China's Maritime Silk Road

Hellenic Shipping News published on 12 July 2016 an article titled "China's Maritime Silk Road Project Advances." The article provides a progress report on the Maritime Silk Road and acknowledges there has been less forward movement as compared to the land-based One Belt One Road counterpart.

Thursday, July 14, 2016

Extrajudicial Killings in Kenya?

The Institute for Defense Analyses published on 14 July 2016 a commentary titled "Extrajudicial Killings in Kenya: A Sign of Eroding Rule of Law?" by Sarah Graveline.

Following the murder early in July of a human rights lawyer, his client, and a taxi driver, when they were last seen in police custody raises the question of the possibility of extra-judicial killings.

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Kenya's January 2016 Battle with Al-Shabaab

The International Peace Institute published in July 2016 an account titled "The Battle at El Adde: The Kenya Defense Forces, al-Shabaab, and Unanswered Questions" by Paul Williams, George Washington University.

In January 2016, al-Shabaab fighters attacked and overran an AMISOM forward operating base garrisoned by Kenya Defense Force troops from the 9th Rifle Battalion. The battle at El Adde probably represented the largest loss of life that AMISOM has suffered in a single battle. This account details the battle.

China's Engagement with Africa: From Natural Resources to Human Resources

Brookings just published and put on-line a book titled "China's Engagement with Africa: From Natural Resources to Human Resources" by David Dollar, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.

The book contains chapters on trade between China and Africa, China's direct investment in Africa, China's role in funding African infrastructure, and Chinese workers and labor issues in Africa.

Disappointing Results Following Devolution of Power to Kenya's Coast

The International Crisis Group published on 13 July 2016 an analysis titled "Kenya's Coast: Devolution Disappointed." It concludes that political devolution has deflected but not resolved grievances that fuel militancy, which continues to be countered by severe security measures driven by Nairobi. Greater inclusion and cooperation within and between county governments, as well as national-county dialogue, is needed to maximize devolution's potential and ensure militant groups such as al-Shabaab have fewer grievances to exploit.

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Will China's Reforms Impact FOCAC?

The Africa Institute of South Africa published in February 2016 a policy brief titled "Will China's Reforms Impact FOCAC?" by Yazini April, a research specialist at the Africa Institute of South Africa.

The author concludes that it is critical for Africa to be cautious and take time to analyze the implications and real benefits of China's Africa policy in light of its structural adjustment reforms. China is advancing global ambitions that are not necessarily tied to Africa's development. The onus is on African governments to establish their own policies that represent the continent's interests.

The French Army in Africa

The National Defense University's Joint Force Quarterly published on 1 July 2016 an analysis titled "What It Means to Be Expeditionary: A Look at the French Army in Africa" by Michael Shurkin, a senior analyst at the RAND Corportion. The focus of the article is the French military effort in Mali.

De-escalating South Sudan's Most Recent Fighting

The International Crisis Group (ICG) blog ran on 12 July 2016 a commentary titled "De-escalating South Sudan's New Flare-up" by Casie Copeland, ICG senior analyst for South Sudan. The author suggests that a unified regional position by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, backed by the African Union, China, and the United States, is crucial to stopping the fighting.

Monday, July 11, 2016

Can China Save South Sudan

World Politics Review published on 11 July 2016 a commentary titled "A Reluctant China May Be the Last Hope for South Sudan" by Richard Gowan, associate fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.

The author notes China's extensive oil interests in Sudan and that China has assigned a combat battalion to UNMISS. Two Chinese peacekeepers were killed in the most recent outbreak of violence in Juba. The author comments on the lack of interest in intervening in South Sudan by other traditional parties and suggests that China may be South Sudan's last hope for a greater role in the crisis.

Tanzania-China Relations: Relative Decline in Ties

The Centre for Chinese Studies at Stellenbosch University published in May 2016 a study titled "Tanzania-China All-Weather Friendship from Socialism to Globalization: A Case of Relative Decline" by Jean-Pierre Cabestan, Hong Kong Baptist University, and Jean-Raphael Chaponniere, Asia Centre in Paris.

The study examines Tanzanian-Chinese relations over the past half century and especially since 2005, highlighting how global political, strategic, and economic shifts have affected and reduced, in relative terms, the importance of this bilateral relationship.

India Versus China in Africa

Aljazeera ran on 10 July 2016 a 25 minute podcast titled "Can India Match China's Economic Influence in Africa?" It included a discussion with Alex Awiti, director of the East African Institute at Aga Khan University, Malancha Chakrabarty, Observer Research Foundation, and Andrew Leung, China analyst.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently visited Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Kenya. The program compared the approach of China and India to Africa.

Renewed Violence in South Sudan

Foreign Policy published on 10 July 2016 a report titled "Renewed Violence in South Sudan Threatens Fragile Peace Agreement" by Jason Patinkin and Ty McCormick. It details the outbreak of fighting in Juba between forces loyal to Riek Machar and those loyal to Salva Kiir.

Sunday, July 10, 2016

South Sudan: Sexual and Gender-based Violence

London-based Justice Africa published in July 2016 a study titled "Violence Begets Violence: Justice and Accountability for Sexual and Gender-based Offences in South Sudan" by Alicia Elaine Luedke.

Drawing on in-depth interviews and focus-group discussions with about 360 research participants in Juba, Mingkaman, and Akobo, this report clarifies some of the oft-noted assumptions about sexual and gender-based violence in South Sudan's conflict.

Saturday, July 9, 2016

East Asian Networks Smuggle African Ivory

The BBC published on 7 July 2016 a story titled "East Asian Networks 'Smuggle Ivory across Africa'" by Navin Singh Khadka. Drawing on a lengthy report by the NGO Traffic, the article emphases the role of East Asian gangs in the killing of about 30,000 African elephants annually for their ivory.

Friday, July 8, 2016

South Sudan: A Pass on Independence Day

Foreign Policy published on 8 July 2016 a commentary titled "The Independence Day Nobody's Celebrating" by Jason Patinkin.

South Sudan marks five years of independence on 9 July 2016. Its peace agreement is in trouble. There will be no celebration on this fifth anniversary.